How police are using facial recognition on civilians | The Weekly with Wendy Mesley
How police are using facial recognition on civilians | The Weekly with Wendy Mesley How police are using facial recognition on civilians | The Weekly with Wendy MesleyWelcome back to the Gap work out for you. That’S a scene from Minority Report where Tom Cruise’s character is targeted with ads after machine 8th and identifier. Not as far-fetched now is when the movie came out back in 2002 because the machines can use to ID. You often the possible applications are endless like in retail store owners can now scan their customers faces and compare them against a database of known shoplifters like they do. Even celebrities are getting in. On it. Take Taylor Swift and her stalkers Rolling Stone magazine, reported her security team scan fan faces at a performance last year to see if there were any in the crowd. Sometimes we do know we’re being scanned, for example, that Canada Border Services Agency uses of Technology at 10. Major airports in Halifax, for example, you can get after returning from abroad, so law enforcement male of it. But here’s the thing: the technology is known to make mistakes technology to scan photos of members of Congress, but they found the machines mistakenly identified over 20 of them. As people who been arrested for crimes 20 mistakes, it makes errors, it can also be spookily precise. So how exactly does facial recognition work with your fingerprint? Your face can be scanned. Even if you try to disguise yourself, it only takes seconds to identify your face in a crowd, even if you’re moving. So how exactly will talk where match your face by searching for Unique physical characteristics between the width of the distance between your eyes and then the results are compared with images in a database. We wanted to see the technology in action and a California company called free app to test it for us to see. If I could spot me in a crowd. So how do we do that? Well, first, we install their app on our laptop and we put a couple of pictures of me and to their database, but you know what to do a real test. We need a crowd, have an answer crowd here. Perhaps this is a few of my colleagues from the weekly so we’re going now to open up the app and, oh, my goodness, like almost right away. The rest of you are all blank, though, because the technology wasn’t looking for you, but they’re going above my heads by name is Spotted me almost right away. That’S quite something we discovered something else in this company is currently in talks to sell their technology to a Canadian police department, but they wouldn’t tell us who so be in talks with and sortelha they are exploring use of this technology. Peel and York is any Department using it now add Montreal or Halifax for Montreal police. It says we use many legal investigation techniques, but for multiple reasons, including security reasons. The forest does not disclose its investigative techniques, a similar response from Halifax. It tells us required, as part of a court processed in the US, it’s not a secret. It’S already widespread there at least a quarter of American police departments now run face. Recognition search has something to think about. You ever go to a protest. Remember Freddie gray. He died in Baltimore police custody in 2015. A lot of people were outraged, they demonstrated for months and at some point, Baltimore Police started scanning the protesters, social Backhouse looking for photos, and then they use facial recognition to see if any of them had outstanding warrants. The protesters had no idea their faces were being scanned, but now legislatures in California, are considering Banning facial recognition and body cameras worn by police. There. It’S become such a big concern in the US that just this Wednesday, Democrat and Republican lawmakers held a hearing on the issue among those who testified was Clara, Garvey she’s, a senior associate at Georgetown University Center on privacy and technology. So Claire, you have some concerns about this, but I wouldn’t be a problem for police tasers. I don’t know, look for a pedophile around the school or to look for look for a terrorist in a crowd. There are undoubtedly uses of the technology that could promote Public Safety. The problem now is that there are no rules around its Youth and there’s no transparency. So, as a consequence, we have no idea whether it’s being used just for those public-safety instances or whether it’s being used to Prevail public speech. What demonstration we’ve learned from the Facebook example that data is so valuable? I would imagine that face. Facial recognition. Data is extremely valuable, even stop this industry face. Recognition has been able to become so common thanks to the fact that there are so many face photographs on file both with agencies. Think of a face photograph database in the United passport visas driver’s licenses. Mugshots boost are mostly face-recognition. Database is now and in addition, we presented our photographer our faces in in photographs everywhere, Buck, Flicker and other other online services. All of these provide the opportunity or the risk of being turned into a biometric. We saw it recently a man in the UK funniest walking in front of one of these cameras, and he was fine. Do we have a right to not be identified in the u.s. there’s a tension between whether we have a right to something that we presented are face or whether we have a right to the privacy of our own identity? This is attention that face recognition raises. I would argue that face surveillance, as was used in, is used in the UK, very real concerns about our right to freely and anonymously, associate and engage in public speech and also our right to privacy and our movements across time and space. Imagine I’m walking down the street public, but I am going to an Alcoholics Anonymous meeting or a a drug rehabilitation center or an HIV treatment Clinic. That is incredibly personal information that is betrayed by my location, right to privacy. To that, even though I am displaying my face in public to talk to you, thank you so much thanks for having me on Garvey and Washington facial recognition in Canada to last summer, a camera was discovered inside a mall directory at a Calvary Shopping Center Fairview, which Owns the mall said, the camera was just compiling age and gender information about Shoppers that there was no personal identification. The program has been suspended, but not before complaint was filed so now the information and privacy commissioner, British Columbia, Michael McEvoy, so you were looking at the Cadillac fairview’s use of cameras in three of their malls. Are we being spied on and is that allowed it’s not and that’s the reason we’re investigating, along with the Alberta privacy, commissioner and the Canadian commissioner, you need in the private sector. If your information is going to be collected, you need the consent of the individuals that you’re collecting it from. So it’s not not on your phone it it’s actually against the law to be collecting that kind of information with other people’s knowledge, and on top of that to be used for something like facial recognition. Technology with it for facial recognition would be almost certainly inappropriate and outside the law. You only found out about it because some Chopper notice at the right well, we did receive a complaint and that’s why we’re investigating and looking at it now and will be coming to a conclusion about it very shortly play a lot like you need a complaint to Go, oh, my goodness, there’s a problem here. That’S that’s. One of the challenges actually with new and virginie technology is that we’ve asked our own provincial government. I know the federal Commissioners at the Canadian Parliament for gray audit and investigation power that doesn’t require a complaint that allows us to proactively go in and look behind the curtain. People often don’t know what to complain about, and so that’s one of the power, certainly that, commissioner, to really deal with these modern Technologies to pull back the curtain so that we can look at understand and where things are being done improperly to make sure that that’s Not happening and now Quest police have the in some cases have the body cameras we’re surrounded by this is this? Is this a growing issue issue issue on body-worn cameras at police are wearing a Canadian commissioner actually issued Guidance. The police forces across the turn on that matter to make sure that that data is being gathered, people’s images are being collected appropriately and it’s being used appropriately critically sure that’s possible to do once. You’Ve collected an image. Absolutely Montreal, for example, is telling us that we’re not going to tell you what we used to investigator to surveil people are not going to tell you, because I think if people are going to have trust in a system where, if frt facial recognition, technology is being Used appropriately for property investigation, police need to be transparent about that, so that the public can have confidence in those kinds of system back. The law enforcement would want to conceal or not share with the public what they’re collecting how they’re using it. I think it’s really problematic. It’S going to really undermine the Public’s trust in our law enforcement. The forensic unit to match up people against their existing mugshots is that that, okay, if it’s targeted as opposed to a fishing Expedition, do you know we’d have to look at every instance where these things happen and how it’s being employed to hit me? The problem is, though, that it is not subject to some oversight to make sure that in fact is being used properly, so that the public can be assured that this is in fact a proper use of the technology. That’S for Public Safety it may be, but without that oversights and lack of transparency that is not going to have Police are using facial recognition technology on civilians in Canada, The Weekly has learned. A number of police departments across the country either use the technology or plan to, but some of them are not disclosing how exactly they are using it. Unlike fingerprints or DNA, faces can be scanned at a distance without one knowing. Critics point out that there are few rules to regulate its use. The Weekly investigates which police departments across Canada use facial recognition and what it all means for civil liberties.
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